An issue was discovered in Leptonica through 1.75.3. The gplotMakeOutput function does not block '/' characters in the gplot rootname argument, potentially leading to path traversal and arbitrary file overwrite.
In the Linux kernel through 4.15.4, the floppy driver reveals the addresses of kernel functions and global variables using printk calls within the function show_floppy in drivers/block/floppy.c. An attacker can read this information from dmesg and use the addresses to find the locations of kernel code and data and bypass kernel security protections such as KASLR.
An issue was discovered in pixHtmlViewer in prog/htmlviewer.c in Leptonica before 1.75.3. Unsanitized input (rootname) can overflow a buffer, leading potentially to arbitrary code execution or possibly unspecified other impact.
The `'path'` module in the Node.js 4.x release line contains a potential regular expression denial of service (ReDoS) vector. The code in question was replaced in Node.js 6.x and later so this vulnerability only impacts all versions of Node.js 4.x. The regular expression, `splitPathRe`, used within the `'path'` module for the various path parsing functions, including `path.dirname()`, `path.extnam ...
In FreeBSD before 11.1-STABLE, 11.2-RELEASE-p3, 11.1-RELEASE-p14, 10.4-STABLE, and 10.4-RELEASE-p12, insufficient validation in the ELF header parser could allow a malicious ELF binary to cause a kernel crash or disclose kernel memory.
In FreeBSD before 11.1-STABLE, 11.2-RELEASE-p2, 11.1-RELEASE-p13, ip fragment reassembly code is vulnerable to a denial of service due to excessive system resource consumption. This issue can allow a remote attacker who is able to send an arbitrary ip fragments to cause the machine to consume excessive resources.